Eco RatingEco Rating is a harmonized environmental scoring system for smartphones.
This environmental and sustainability impact is evaluated during the entire
process of material extraction, production, transport, use and disposal
of your mobile phone.

Eco RatingEco Rating is a harmonized environmental scoring system for smartphones.
This environmental and sustainability impact is evaluated during the entire process of material extraction, production, transport, use and disposal of your mobile phone.

How does the scoring work?

The Eco Rating score is a number used to indicate the environmental performance of mobile phones and is based on an objective assessment of both life cycle and environmental impact indicators.

The highest possible score is 100 for maximum environmental performance. So, the closer the score is to 100 the better is the environmental performance of the device. This indicator can be used as a guideline when purchasing devices with the lowest impact to the environment.

The Eco Rating label will also present five other assessments, covering 1) extraction of raw materials and production, 2) packaging and 3) transport, through to 4) durability during use and 5) how effectively the device can be recycled at the end of its life:

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Durability

How well made is the device, the battery life and the guarantee period for the device and its components.

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Recyclability 

How well the device components can be recovered and taken apart, the provided information to allow it, and how well materials can be recycled.

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Repairability 

The ease with which the device can be repaired.  The higher the score, the easiest to repair by the consumer.

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Resource efficiency 

Assesses the amount of scarce raw materials required - for example, gold for the manufacturing of electronic components.  Lower quantities of scares raw materials need to be used for the device to get a higher score.

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Climate efficiency

The greenhouse gas emissions of the device during its whole lifecycle.  Devices that are more efficient in how they are designed and produced score more highly.

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Eco Rating

The methodology

The Eco Rating method is capable of evaluating mobile phone devices from an environmental perspective. The method allows us to obtain a final unique score showing the environmental performance through its full life cycle of each assessed device.

 

The Eco Rating tool uses the input information provided by manufacturers about the cell phones they design and make, to evaluate the life cycle performance of the device. The evaluation is made combining 13 different environmental indicators and 6 different material efficiency criteria to obtain just one single score for each device being analysed. 

 

We have developed our methodology building upon knowledge and best practices we got through previous environmental labelling systems, relevant standards and guidelines, such as EU guidelines, ITU-T, ETSI and ISO standards and introduced new parameters where appropriate.

The mobile phone lifecycle

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Raw materials

This is the first stage that contains the implications of the recourses being extracted, e.g. in mines. Examples are gold needed for connectors, lithium needed for the battery, minerals needed for the cover, silicon for the integrated circuit and rare materials needed for the display. The more recycled materials and the lesser the amount of scarce resources used, the better the Eco Rating would be.

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Manufacturing

Manufacturing is the stage in which the different components of the mobile phone are produced and put together to become the finished product. This includes the packaging (plastic) and accessories (charger, cable). The main produced components of a mobile phone are the electronic board, battery, display, touch-panel, antenna, camera(s) and cover. The Eco Rating will verify the impaction of that stage for carbon (C02) emission, energy consumption and many other environmental categories.

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Transport

Once the device assembly is finished, the product is shipped from “somewhere” in the world to your local country. The distance and the transportation types (ship or plane) are considered and its implication (e.g. C02 emission) are carefully evaluated.

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Usage and Spare parts

During this stage, you hold the device in your hand and use it for many years. Here we assess the positive environmental capabilities of its device such as durability, upgradability and reparability but also its implication such as energy consumptions/charging.

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End of life

This last stage looks after the environmental aspects when you decided to “throw away” the device in the recycling bin. This includes if the devices can be easily refurbished or if its metals and the plastics can recycled.

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